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선박기인 온실가스 저감기술의 경제적 효과에 대한 연구

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dc.contributor.advisor 오용식 -
dc.contributor.author 장상운 -
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-16T03:07:38Z -
dc.date.available 2019-12-16T03:07:38Z -
dc.date.issued 2019 -
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.kmou.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/11861 -
dc.identifier.uri http://kmou.dcollection.net/common/orgView/200000179883 -
dc.description.abstract 국제해사기구는 『선박으로부터의 온실가스 감축』을 해양환경보호위원회(MEPC)의 의제로 지정하여 감축방안을 논의하고 있다. 기후변화 대응을 위하여 국제해운의 온실가스 감축전략과 감축목표 설정을 위한 작업반이 구성되었으며, 2018년 4월 해양환경보호위원회 72차는 작업반 회의를 거쳐서 보고된 온실가스 감축 초기전략인 Resolution MEPC.304(72)을 채택하였다. 국제해사기구가 MEPC 72차에 채택한 온실가스 감축전략은 운송활동량에 대비하여 탄소집약도를 2008년대비 2030년까지 40%, 2050년까지 70% 개선을 목표로 하고, 2050년까지 총배출량을 50% 감축하는 것을 목표로 하는 감축의욕수준을 제시하였다. 감축전략에는 기술적 조치 강화와 운항적 조치의 강화를 통하여 온실가스 감축목표의 달성이 가능한 후보조치 사항들이 나열되고 있으며 이러한 조치사항들이 도입될 경우 국제해운에 큰 영향이 있을 것으로 예상된다. 그러므로 이에 대한 적극적인 대응을 위하여 온실가스 배출규제의 지속적인 확인과 효과적인 이행을 위한 준비가 필요하다. 기술적 조치의 이행을 위한 선박의 에너지 효율개선 기술적용은 선박 건조비용의 증가로 이어지고, 운항조치 이행을 위한 에너지효율 관리는 선박으로부터의 온실가스 배출량을 모니터링, 검증 및 보고를 위한 행정비용의 부담이 예상되고 있다. 하지만 시장기반조치는 배출되는 탄소에 대한 가격을 부여함으로써, 온실가스 배출량에 대한 관리 및 감축역량에 따라서 비용과 수익의 손익에 큰 영향을 줄 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 국제해운의 온실가스 배출량 감축을 위한 국제해사기구의 논의경과를 확인하고 도입을 고려중인 조치사항에 대한 영향과 온실가스 배출저감 기술의 경제적 효과를 분석하였다. 더불어 온실가스 배출저감 기술의 한계저감비용 산출을 통하여 온실가스 배출저감에 대한 편익과 감축여력을 산출하였으며, 온실가스 배출규제의 효과적인 대응방안을 제시하고 우리나라 해운산업이 준비하고 나아가야 할 방향을 제시하였다.|The International Maritime Organization is preparing for measures to reduce greenhouse gases from ships by designating them as the agenda of MEPC(Marine Environment Protection Committee). In order for the response to climate change, this Committee established working groups to prepare IMO strategy and reduction target on GHG reductions. The initial strategy on reduction of GHG emission from ships was reported to the committee and it was adopted as Res.MEPC.304(72). The initial strategy adopted at MEPC 72 aims not only to reduce carbon intensity by at least 40 percent by 2030, 70 percent by 2050 but reduce total annual GHG emissions by at least 50 percent by 2050. This strategy lists candidate measures that can achieve the goal of greenhouse gas reduction through strengthening technical measures and operational measures, and it is expected that these measures will have a significant impact on international shipping if adopted. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously monitor greenhouse gas emission regulations and to prepare for effective implementation in order to actively respond to them. The use of technology for energy efficiency improvement of ships can cause an increase in the cost of ship construction, and the management of energy efficiency to implement the operation measures is expected to burden administrative costs for monitoring, verifying and reporting greenhouse gas emissions from ships. However, market-based measures will have more significant impact on profit or loss depending on the management and reduction capability of GHG by its pricing carbon emissions. In this study, discussion on GHG reduction from international shipping was reviewed so as to analyze the impact of candidate measures under consideration and the economic impacts of technologies for reducing GHG emissions. Furthermore, the benefits and costs was estimated based on marginal abatement cost of GHG reduction technologies, effective countermeasures for the response to GHG regulations and directions for the Korean shipping industry to prepare and move forward was proposed. -
dc.description.tableofcontents 목 차 표 목차 ································································································································iv 그림 목차 ···························································································································v Abstract ···························································································································· ⅵ 제 1 장 서론 ······················································································································· 1 1.1 연구의 배경과 목적 ································································································ 1 1.2 연구의 방법과 구성 ································································································ 2 1.3 선행연구 분석 ·········································································································· 3 제 2 장 선박기인 온실가스에 관한 국제적 논의 ················································ 5 2.1 국제기구 및 주요국가의 온실가스에 대한 태도 ·············································· 5 2.1.1 UN ························································································································ 5 2.1.2 ICAO ···················································································································· 6 2.1.3 IMO ······················································································································ 6 2.1.4 NGO ····················································································································· 7 2.1.5 주요국가 ············································································································· 9 2.1.6 우리나라 ··········································································································· 11 2.2 IMO 온실가스 감축 로드맵 ················································································· 12 2.3 국제해운 온실가스 감축조치 ·············································································· 15 2.3.1 기술적 조치 ····································································································· 15 2.3.1.1 에너지효율설계지수 ·················································································· 15 2.3.1.2 대체연료 ······································································································ 16 2.3.2 운항적 조치 ····································································································· 17 2.3.2.1 선박에너지효율관리계획서 ······································································ 17 2.3.2.2 에너지효율운항지수 ·················································································· 18 2.3.2.3 MRV ·············································································································· 19 2.3.2.4 선속규제 ······································································································ 20 2.3.2.5 항로최적화 ·································································································· 21 2.3.2.6 시장기반조치 ······························································································ 22 제 3 장 온실가스 저감기술의 경제적 효과 평가 ····················································· 26 3.1 평가의 개요 ············································································································ 26 3.2 평가의 과정 ············································································································ 27 3.2.1 선체 및 프로펠러 소제 ················································································· 27 3.2.2 구상선수(Bulbous Bow) 최적화 ···································································· 27 3.2.3 선수미 흘수차를 이용한 저항감소 방법(Trim 최적화) ·························· 28 3.2.4 가변속도제어 모터 ························································································· 28 3.2.5 감속운항 ··········································································································· 29 3.3 한계저감비용 분석 ································································································ 30 3.3.1 한계저감비용 분석 ························································································· 31 3.3.2 한계저감비용 평가 ························································································· 32 3.3.3 시장기반조치 도입효과 ················································································· 34 제 4 장 결론 ················································································································· 38 4.1 요약 및 결론 ·········································································································· 38 4.2 시사점 ······················································································································ 39 4.3 향후과제 ·················································································································· 40 참고문헌 ····························································································································· 41 감사의 글 ··························································································································· 44 -
dc.format.extent 54 -
dc.language kor -
dc.publisher 한국해양대학교 대학원 -
dc.rights 한국해양대학교 논문은 저작권에 의해 보호받습니다. -
dc.title 선박기인 온실가스 저감기술의 경제적 효과에 대한 연구 -
dc.type Dissertation -
dc.date.awarded 2019-02 -
dc.contributor.alternativeName Jang, Sang Woon -
dc.contributor.department 대학원 무역학과 -
dc.contributor.affiliation 한국해양대학교 일반대학원, 무역학과 -
dc.description.degree Master -
dc.subject.keyword IMO 온실가스 감축전략, 시장기반조치, 저감기술, 한계저감비용 -
dc.title.subtitle IMO 온실가스 감축목표 달성을 위한 시장기반조치 도입효과 -
dc.title.translated A Study on the Economic Impact of the Technologies for GHG Reduction from Ships -
dc.contributor.specialty 경제학 전공 -
dc.identifier.holdings 000000001979▲200000001028▲200000179883▲ -
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