A Study on the Factors Affecting RFID Application Performance in Container Terminal Gate
Department of Port Logistics,
Graduate School, Maritime Industrial Studies,
Korea Maritime University
(Directed by Chang, Myung-Hee)
While container terminals are adopting automation systems in each sector based on cutting edge IT technology, gate sector is drawn to ever increasing attention for automation in order to seek for maximization of the efficiency of work and labor cost that is rising ever.
Hence, recently active researches have been in progress on gate automation from several years ago. However, most of the researches are about application of RFID technology gate, and analyses on the entire work of gate and researches on automation application still fall short in practice. In addition, active RFID technology, a technique under massive attention and many on-going researches, also involves many problems yet to be solved before it is applied in the field of port in practice at the moment.
Therefore, this study's objectives are as follows:
First, in response to the judgment that there are insufficient recognitions on application of RFID in container terminal gate and positive researches required for successful operation, this study deduced key factors that positively affect the intentions to receive RFID in container terminal gate through existing literature study and preliminary research.
Second, this study positively analyzed the correlation between RFID acceptance intention and application, and as a result, extracted the technical stability, system quality and security of RFID as factors that affect the intention of receiving RFID in container terminal gate through preliminary research. Positive analysis was done on individuals engaged in container terminals which are in operation by adopting RFID in container terminal gate presently, and by distributing totally 255 copies of questionnaire survey, 248 copies were collected.
As a result of statistical analysis of this study, the following conclusions were made:
First, the technical stability of RFID acceptance in container terminal gate was not statistically significantly high. The reason is first because the degree of technical stability that container terminal professionals recognize varies depending on their affiliated organization's work duty, and secondly, utilization of RFID in container terminal gate is not commercialized yet, so professionals are overlooking the technical factors on the tentative operation performances.
Second, the system quality of RFID acceptance in container terminal gate was statistically significantly high.
Third, the security of RFID acceptance in container terminal gate was statistically significantly high.
Last, container terminal gate RFID technology acceptance intention was statistically significantly high in application performance.
The results of this study are anticipated to provide companies that introduced or intend to introduce RFID technology to container terminal gate with framework for successful accomplishments.