According to statistics about the number of Korean ship and crew for last 5 years, total number of ships who Korean crews work on board has been increased at the rate of 1% in every year, while the number of tankers which carry the dangerous cargo has been increased at the rate of 2% in every year, especially the number of chemical tankers has been increased at the rate of 4% in every year. And this increasing rate is expected to be continued for a while.
In this study, author tried to find the problems concerned with the operation of chemical tankers and to suggest the solutions for those problems. To do this, the analysis of statistics and questionary research for deck officers including captains were performed. The results of study are as follows.
First, the automation of facilities for cargo work is required to improve the safety and efficiency of cargo works and decrease the work load of crews
Second, preventive measures for ships getting old are required to reduce the possibility of accident and the danger of marine pollution
Third, employment of specialized officer for cargo work and increasement of deck crew are required to get the safety and efficiency of cargo handling and to reduce the work load of crews.
Fourth, to prevent the accidents and get the efficient cargo handling, the efficient and systematic training system for crews in shipping company and education centers such as university and specialized training institute has to be developed
Fifth, various inspections which are peformed to chemical tankers such as CDI, Major, and PSC inspection has to be united in single inspection to reduce the work load of crews for chemical tankers.
In connection to this study, topics to be studied more in future are to develop the efficient and systematic training program for the crews of chemical tanker and to suggest the measures to get the unification of various inspections which are peformed to chemical tankers.