한국해양대학교

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크루즈선 거주구역의 인테리어 디자인에 관한 연구

Title
크루즈선 거주구역의 인테리어 디자인에 관한 연구
Alternative Title
A Study on the Interior Design in Accommodation Area of Cruise Ships
Author(s)
변량선
Publication Year
2005
Publisher
한국해양대학교 대학원
URI
http://kmou.dcollection.net/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000002176053
http://repository.kmou.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/10387
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to analyse the accommodations area of cruise ships and to present the characteristics of space planning, interior design & work, materials and rule & regulation of cruise ships. General arrangement drawings, deck plans, and technical data of large cruise and medium sized ones built from 1990 until 2004 are analysed to accomplish the purpose of this study.



Interior design for the superstructure of cruise ship

- Analysis of cruise ship environment and determination of optimum interior resident space.

- Data analysis of similar cruise ships and detail of interior space plan, such as size, location and distribution of cabin

- Planning of a stateroom space and determination of global dimension of cruise ship according to the mission - based design process.

- Concept design and trend of the cruise ships and suggestion of design theme and style

The details of this study are as follows
Defects and quality control reporting



5. The Panamax Cruise Ship

Limitations to the main dimensions must be observed in the design process, like the maximum draught allowed in ports or the free height of a bridge on the route. Many cruise ship operators want a ship that can sail through the Panama Canal, where the maximum draught 12.65m. It can be seen in figure 7 panamax cruise ship is below 90,000GT and the passenger capacity less than 2500 lower beds. At that size both the length and breadth are close to the lock limits.



6. The Passenger Cabin

The cabin type and size determine the cruise category and ticket price. Passengers are willing to pay higher rates for an outside cabin with windows or balcony, than for a dark, inside cabin. The size of a standard cabin is 10-15㎡ in the budget category, 15-20㎡ in the contemporary and premium category and 20-35㎡ in the luxury segment. The trend today is to provide cabins big enough to fit a double bed. This demands an area of more than 15㎡and a width of at least 2,600㎜.

Passenger and crew cabins should be suitable for serial production in specialized work-shops. The finished cabin unit, complete with all furniture can be lifted into the ship already during the section-outfitting phase. The cabin dimensions are carefully modularized to fit into to hull steel structure.



7. Outside / Inside Cabin Ratio

When the ship grows in size, the breadth of the hull increases and more cabins have to be locate on the dark, inside part of decks. In small yachts 100% of the passenger cabins can have windows, but in large wide body ships maybe only 60%. New solutions must be used to get more outside cabins, preferably .with most of the cabins in a narrow deckhouse.



8. Cruise ship construction / Material / Regulation

By special peculiarity of construction materials, materials and products applied for the cruise should meet the regulation of SOLAS and IMO. That are installed on board passenger ships must be provided with a type test certificate form recognized national approval authority.

The hull, superstructure, and deckhouses in Cruise ship in way of accommodation and service space shall be subdivided into main vertical zones by "A" class divisions. Bulkheads which are not required to be "A" class divisions shall be at least "B" class or "C" class divisions. "B" class divisions are those divisions formed by bulkhead, decks, ceiling or linings. They are constructed of approved non-combustible materials and all materials used in the construction and erection "B" class division are non-combustible.

Non-combustible material is a material which neither burns nor gives off flammable vapours in sufficient quantity for self-ignition when heated to approximately 750, this being determined in accordance with the fire test procedures code.



9. Design styling / Trade mark / Hall mark

Shipboard architecture and design has now become a specialty in its own right. As rationalized as the process of ship′design and built is, it continues to produce some remarkable fleet image. Cruise line has created a number of the hall mark, identities and the interior design features of its own. It is to develop a design theme for a reference ship which sets a particular image for later new buildings to follow in same class. When a new class is created later, key design element will be retained, with some items being changed and new ideas introduced. Thus the approach has the flexibility to grow and change as the industry itself evolves and diversifies. There are a number of notable examples which illustrate how different line are thus able to create and maintain unique product hallmarks and identities through the interior design of their fleets.
Construction supervision


Material and finishes approvals ․
Sub-contractors support services


Yard liaison ․
Detail specification and schedules

- Stage lll : Construction


Detail design ․
General specification

- Stage ll : Post-shipyard contract


Scheme design ․
Concept design


planning ․
Programming ․
.

The areas and volumes needed in the ship to fit all functions are calculated. This design method does not need pre-selected main dimensions, hull linesor standard layouts. Function based design is like a checklist that reminds the designer of all the factors that affect the design and record his choices. The total volume given by the function description can be translated into gross tonnage. The result is a complete description for the new ship, which can be compared with statistical data from existing designs. The space for the passenger functions is the key factor. The selection of the main dimensions defines the deck area available in the ship. The easiest way of increasing the area is to add more desks at the top of the vessel. This raises the centre of gravity and stability becomes critical. The most significant factor for the stability is the breadth of the hull.

The interior design stages

- Stage I : Pre-shipyard contract


design -evaluate-redesign󰡓
has to be provided between these spaces such as corridors, halls, stairways and lifts. Outdoor spaces, like sun decks and promenade decks must also be provided. For the service functions offices, galleys, pantries, laundries and stores are needed. Crew cabins, mess-and day rooms are also part of the hotel functions. In cruise ships the service personnel have separate corridors and stairways, because only crew members in uniform are allowed in passenger spaces.

The ship functions are related to carrying the hotel part safely from port to port. The propulsion machinery and different storage tanks are vital systems. The ship produces electricity, conditioned air, cold and hot water and has sewage treatment and waste handing for the hotel part.



3. Passenger ship space ratio & Service

The passenger capacity grows with increasing gross tonnage. Also the number of crew increases with the ship size. The area and volume of the passenger spaces are important indicators of the comfort of the ship. The number of crew influenced the service standard. The volume per passenger is an important indicator of the passenger standard of the ship. The volume of the ship can be expressed in cubic meters or gross tonnage. Ships intended for the Contemporary and Premium market segment have 100-165㎥/pax(30GT/pax) while in the Luxury segment they might be of more than 200㎥/pax(65GT/pax).



4. Cruise Ship Design Process

The most common way to describe ship design is by a spiral model, capturing the sequential and iterative nature of the process. The task structure is 󰡒
traffic lanes󰡓
passenger segments. These ships follow very similar design concept, even if their operators compete with each in the same market. But also new innovative solutions have been introduced to catch the interest of the cruise passengers.



2. Cruise Ship Functions

The spaces in a cruise ship can be divided into two main categories, hotel operation related and ship operation related functions.

Hotel functions consist of passenger cabins, restaurants, lounges, bars and shops. Adequate 󰡒
Premium󰡓
and the 󰡒
Contemporary󰡓
type, which means that their dimensions are close to the limitations of the canal locks. The gross tonnage of the Panamax cruse ship is about 85,000GT. Several orders exceed 100,000 GT and cannot longer cruise through the Panama Canal. Most of the growth has been directed to the 󰡒
Panamax󰡓
1. The Cruise Ship Market

There has been a rapid increase in cruise ship size, but also smaller vessels have been ordered. Many ships are of 󰡒
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