In Korea, our national competitiveness has been depended on the education since we have little natural resources. It is said that thanks to the education, Korea has achieved high national competitiveness. After Korea went through liberation from Japanese colonial rule in 1945 and the Korean War, people have thought that the education could be the driving force for the national economic development, so we have especially focused on vocational education to produce a pillar of industry.
Today the educational authorities selected 38 Meister High Schools which are based on industry demand out of 691 high schools nationwide to make the vocational high schools do their original purposes and to innovate vocation education.
The purposes of this study are to analyze the relationship between the school environment and career maturity and the school adjustment resilience and, based on the results, to suggest improvement plans to improve business environment for the maritime Meister High Schools.
First of all, the researcher have examined the principal strategies of the Meister High Schools regarding graduates' career development, in-school curriculum, securement of the teachers' sufficient expertise, political and financial support of the nation. It showed the improvement possibility of the schools when people try to improve the hardware and software environment.
However, the previous researches have shown that there is a big difference between individuals in the career maturity and the school adjustment resilience. The individual differences could make it hard for the students to use the benefits of the educational environment such as provided educational system, curriculum, etc.
The research methodologies used in this study are as follows.
To analyze the influence of the school environment and students' career maturity on their school adjustment resilience, the researcher used the teachers's professionalism, school facilities, students' entrance motivation, career guidance depending on the individual and the school meal quality as the school environment factors of the independent factors. As dependent factors, the researcher selected school environment, teachers, class preparation of the individual, level of school life such as an attitude level and school rule observance, and peer relation.
The research model was designed based on the subordinate relationship and twelve hypotheses was formulated to analyze the relationships between the school environment and career maturity and the school adjustment resilience.
The major research findings are as follows.
Firstly, to verify the hypotheses, the researcher examined the reliability and the validity of independent and dependent factors and those of the school environment, career maturity, and adaptability was statistically significant.
Secondly, regression analysis was conducted to find out the influence on the school adjustment resilience and the career maturity and all the twelve hypotheses was accepted.
Thirdly, the students' school environment in the Meister High Schools had a positive influence on school environment, school teachers, classes, school friends for the school adjustment resilience and their career maturity also had a positive influence on school environment, school teachers, classes, school friends for the school adjustment resilience.
The implications of this study are as follows.
After verifying hypothesis 1, teachers' professionalism, school facilities, and entrance motivation factors as school environment factors were important for the school adjustment resilience, but school meal quality and their career were not the important factors for students' school adjustment resilience.
Since the school curriculum, teachers' expertise, the comprehensive school facility level had significantly influenced the students' school adjustment resilience, the teachers' professionalism was highly required to operate and implement a flexible curriculum in the Meister High Schools to meet the industrial demand.
Therefore, in-service job training and autonomy training to improve the teachers' expertise are highly recommended and the dormitory, classrooms, and laboratories should be modernized to improve students' school life satisfaction at the same time
Next, the verification result of the second hypothesis showed self-understanding and independence as the career maturity factors were the significant factors for the school adjustment resilience compared to job planning and value.