Global warming is the chief reason for natural disaster such as heat wave, drought, flood, etc. and for ecological destruction such as forest devastation and endangered species. In case the average global temperature rises 1.5~2.5°C, 20~30% of animals and plants die out and if it rises 3°C, the resultant rising surface of the sea can swamp 30% of the coasts around the world (IPCC, 2007).
For this reason, countries centering on advanced ones effected Kyoto Protocol (February ’05), an international agreement on concrete executive plans offered by UNFCCC(United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) for regulating and preventing global warming, carrying on with efforts to reduce greenhouse gas, with the reduction goal on its discharge established for advanced countries, and posing a great possibility that in the future, protection of the environment will be adopted as an important subject for international cooperation. Together with it, Korea, an economic structure greatly depending on foreign trade and the world’s No. 10 country in energy consumption and No. 7 in greenhouse gas emissions, is expected to be included from 2013 as the state under compulsory reduction of greenhouse gas according to post Kyoto Protocol, and thus in an urgent situation that requires positive preparations for reducing greenhouse gas. With a rising awareness of such matters, every kind of regulations against environmental pollutions are gradually increasing with a focus on port and advanced countries including the US and Japan are carrying on developing green ports oriented toward green growth in their field of port
Though until now, individual plans for constructing environment-friendly port system such as using and developing alternative energy, developing recycling port and hybridizing power of loading and unloading equipment are partially being reviewed and executed, considering the burden of having to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 5.2% on average against 1990 even at port by the provisions of post Kyoto Protocol to be applied from 2013, it is urgent to establish the suitable countermeasures of port logistics company for the sake of building a green port.
For these reasons, this thesis carried out literary and positive investigation. To grasp the trend of environment-friendly distribution expulsion in the sector of shipping and port, it investigated domestic and foreign institutions, the government’s laws and regulations related to low-carbon green growth, etc. to analyze the government’s supportive policies on the construction of environment-friendly distribution system and their expected effects, and surveyed the cases of pushing for environment-friendly distribution system of advanced foreign port logistics company to draw the plans for building environment-friendly distribution for domestic port logistics company.