The Korean land development policy, characterized by its supply-oriented policy during the period of modernization, has driven rapid economic development. Yet, it has a negative side effect on the natural environment across the country. Numerous development projects have damaged costal landscape and consequently, coastal areas came to lose the amenity and their traditional culture and aesthetic values.
Despite the fact that coastal landscape is irreversible due to the nature of a scenic view, precautionary policies for conserving coastal landscapes in Korea have not developed well. Meanwhile, social demand for well-being and expectation of coastal environment have greatly increased, and this has highlighted the importance of reflecting social needs and expectations on coastal developmental policies.
This study, thus, evaluates aesthetic value of coastal landscape and proposes environmental policies for conservation of coastal areas. For that, I firstly surveyed on the concept of aesthetic value in the environmentology and commercial design in order to define aesthetic value of sea . Secondly, I evaluated aesthetic vale of sea based on the public survey. Lastly, I made suggestions for improving environmental policy on aesthetic value conservation of sea.
The public survey, which became a basis for the evaluation of aesthetic vale, consists of a group whose majors are maritime-related studies. Respondents are asked to answer a series of questions about concept and conservation of aesthetic value of sea.
Over 70% of respondents believes that aesthetic value of sea is damaged, and the unawareness of public is considered as a main cause. Planning without landscape consideration in the first stage of the project, and absence or insufficiency of the related institution are also regarded as one of the reasons. To the Question of how to overcome the present situation, participants respond that enactment of law and education in aesthetic value of sea are important.
The result of this study provides suggestions for the conservation of aesthetic value of sea. This study aims to design of module to evaluate aesthetic value of sea which incorporates environmental values. The development of module to evaluate aesthetic value of sea in this study includes the application of valuation techniques, the evaluation process based on a public(or locals) and expert’s survey, particularly on the regulation of coastal structure.