Seven years have passed since the ISM(International Safety Management) code was adopted and enforced as Resolution No.741 in the General Assembly of the IMO(International Maritime Organization) on July 1, 1998.
The Korean government has made multi-faceted efforts for the early implementation and development of the ISM code by distributing relevant manuals to domestic shipping enterprises.
In order to ensure that the manuals are comprehensive and instructive, it is imperative to develop an operation evaluation index for the safety management system that can objectively measure the ISM code. The successful creation and promulgation of such an index will decrease maritime casualties involving ocean-going vessels.
Recently, various domestic and foreign research institutions have devoted significant attention to the index project and published applicable treatises.
However, the indices developed so far have largely been based on pragmatic considerations rather than academic analyses.
The purpose of this study is to develop the operation evaluation index for the safety management in shipping enterprises. This index will enable institutions in the maritime industry to maintain and monitor the operation of their safety management systems and evaluate the results of such endeavors.
To this end, questionnaire surveys were distributed to shipping enterprises, inspection organizations, and maritime experts.
Empirical analyses were made through the statistics package of EC-2000.
The operation evaluation index consists of 11 large-category items, 35 medium-category items, and 447 small-category items. All evaluate the performance of a particular safety management system and the total index provides suggestions for its improvement.
The results of the questionnaire for the large-category are as follows 'Safety and Environmental Policy' (0.087)
'Company Responsibilities and Authority' (0.076)
'Designated Person(s)' (0.077)
'Master's Responsibility and Authority' (0.117)
'Resources and Personnel' (0.090)
'Development of Plans for Shipboard Operations' (0.083)
'Emergency Preparedness' (0.109)
'Reports and Analysis of Non-Conformities, Accidents and Hazardous Occurrences' (0.125)
'Maintenance of Ship and Equipment' (0.117)
'Company Verification, review and Evaluation' (0.072)
The operation evaluation index in this study can serve as the guiding principle for shipping enterprises implementing or improving safety management systems. It provides knowledge about various facets of operation. In addition, the operation evaluation index is expected to foster continual improvement of the safety management system for internal audits and operations evaluations. 'Reports and Analysis of Non-Conformities, Accidents and Hazardous Occurrences' was selected as the most important factor among 11 items(domestic shipping enterprises: 0.118, ocean shipping enterprises: 0.132,
maritime experts: 0.114). On the other hand, 'Documentation' was selected as the lowest weight factor(domestic enterprises: 0.055, ocean shipping enterprises: 0.042, maritime experts: 0.030).