- 해적의 국제 해상운송로 위협과 대응방안
- Alternative Title
- A Study on Piracy Threats of International Sea Lane and Countermeasures
- Publication Year
- 한국해양대학교 해사산업대학원
- History of piracy is similar to origin of human history. When a primitive community did not have enough food to feed their community, the tribe leader picked out their best warriors to plunder others to feed their own in ancient period. At that time, if plundering involved with using a ship, it became an origin of the pirate.
Though maritime countries that ruled on mediterranean sea in medieval time and the Hanseatic League that ruled on Baltic sea and North sea were used to commit a piracy or similar act to secure a monopoly in trade privilege. Piracy was disappeared around the world after Paris declaration of prohibition in piracy. In these days International trade order, trading ships and its crews were threatened by piracy all around the world again and the extent of damage was getting greater and brutally, even though more than 100 years passed after Paris declaration.
Therefore this thesis which focused on pirate of somalia, included subject matters that looks into general idea of pirate, characteristic of piracy and threats by Somalia pirate, analyzing on piracy reports in past 6 years by yearly, regionally, armament and loss of lives and analyzing on cause, character and tendency of Somalia piracy. The thesis was introduced international tendency, international correspondence in legal action and against piracy activities in Somalia sea by international efforts to subjugate pirate as well. For against piracy activities, international legal action and restriction were First, strengthening cooperation in international society and prevention the damage in piracy. Second, Comprehensive exercise to prevent damage by the government and the industry. Third, institutionalize the relevant law and policy to prevent the damage in piracy. Forth, establishment of training facility to strengthen correspondence capacity for the crew, who always pass through piracy danger zone. Fifth, armed security crew on board. Sixth, developing a joint system based on internet to share the information of pirate for an exclusive use in korean language.
Understanding long-term relation and based on strategy, many countries were showing positive activities on involvement in clean up operations and striving for the international cooperation by the awareness of Somalia pirate's ultranational threat, even though many countries were not on the direct influence of piracy
Republic of Korea needed to develop protection strategy for marine transportation routes, the nation's lifeline, that in whole ultranational thereat by understanding as both side of challenge and opportunity for Somalia pirate problem and perceiving coming ultranational threat as an international society's correspondence case. Republic of Korea must grow nation's ability globally by taking dispatch of Chunghae Force in Somalia Sea area as an opportunity to develop cooperation with other dispatch countries as ally as well.
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