With the rapid development of economic globalization and regional economic integration today, the bilateral free trade agreement is attracting more and more countries’attention due to its small scope of cooperation， easier negotiation and implementation． Asian financial crisis in 1998 and the global economic crisis in 2008 have made countries pay more attention to cooperation． In recent years， China has signed many bilateral free trade agreements with other countries， and has fully enjoyed the benefits of trade facilitation．
South Korea and China are near with each other geographically and have similar culture and customs which lay the foundation for the signing of the China-Korea FTA． China—Korea FTA was launched to be negotiated in May in 2012 and was finally signed on June 1 in 2015 through countless times of communication and discussion． The agricultural sector as both important and sensitive industries ，became the focus of the whole negotiation process．
In agricultural trade among China and South Korea， the Korean agricultural products are in a relatively weak position． Therefore， South Korea has been taking strict protection policy. South Korea is China’s important trading partner and important agricultural export market， So the signed China—Korea FTA may have a great impact on Chinese agricultural exports to South Korea．
Yet compared with South Korea and China rapidly developing trade relations, the increase in agricultural products trade is relatively slow. As a result, it is imperative to speed up further development of agricultural products trade between the two countries. Starting with the data of agricultural trade of South Korea and China, the current situation, structure and factor of agricultural trade between South Korea and China have been mainly analyzed, and existing problems of agricultural trade between South Korea and China have been studied further in this paper, by which rational development project has been put forward.