Recently, the activation of electronic commerce has increased the demand for B2B, B2C and C2C logistics fields. The previous logistics focused on International transport or main road-line has been segmented by the level of region and district. However, the rising demand for last-mile logistics has negative effects on city environment such as traffic congestion, illegal parking, on-street loading, air and noise pollution.
Thus, this study looked into some strategies related to last-mile logistics and defined the concept and operation plan of last-mile logistics. Furthermore, the quantitative effects was analyzed for a domestic courier service and target areas using ArcGIS. Last-mile logistics efficiencies can be largely categorized as node efficiency system and mode efficiency system. Node efficiency system is the way using Ultra Microconsolidation Center to combine the common driving routes of trucks. Mode efficiency system is the way to replace truck with green transportation such as bicycle, motorcycle and VAN.
The target areas are Yeouido-dong and Yeoksam-dong selected as high parcel demand hot-spots. The result of analysis for Yeouido-dong demonstrated that the node efficiency system is the best scenario in respect of traveling distance and fuel consumption, and the node & mode efficiency system has the biggest effects on time and CO2 reduction. On the other hand, The result of analysis for Yeoksam-dong showed that the node efficiency system brings the largest reduction effects on traveling distance, fuel consumption and CO2, but the existing delivery system is rather better then the others in regard of time required.