Aging problem is becoming an important social issue globally. Korea is moving toward an aging society since it entered aging society in year 2000. In addition, the speed of aging is the fastest among OECD member countries. The aging problem is even more serious as Korea is not sufficiently prepared to face such aging society and the overly expanded aging society because of such "compressed aging". Entering of aging society is causing various problems such as increase of citizens' burdens, shortages of long term care facilities, slowdown of economic growth, lack of jobs, isolation from society and families, and others.
Particularly, for residential housing policies, recent housing market is expected to appear stable due to the housing stocks expansion and decrease of price rise expectation, but with high probability of active housing supply through the increase of compact size housing demand and city center revitalization in cities, and with the residential housing design and efficiency considering household members, occupations, energy, climate change and others, it appears that various customized housing, and with cutting edge, long-lasting, and eco-friendly features will become the general trend. Therefore, as residential housing market is at the turning point of the policy changing from supplier centered market to consumer driven market, understanding aging society properly can be the preceding condition to establish such housing supply policy and the starting point of problems solving at the same time.
The point of this research is to establish new paradigm of residential housing supply policy focusing on changes of household structure, and changes of the housing preferences and demand forms such as social and economic changes and decrease of economically active population due to aging and low birthrate. I conducted analysis regarding status and problems of residential housing supply policy through proven analysis data of objective statistics data, one time issued books, the press materials and various literary reviews, government publications, theses for masters and doctors degree, preceding research theses, and others.
Based on such analysis results, orientation of systematic residential housing policy responding to aging society was explored, and new paradigm of the housing supply policy action plan was suggested. New directions for residential housing supply specifically should be established to include plans for the housing supply based on new demand, residential housing settlement plan for seniors prepared for overly expanded aging society, residential housing settlement plan for working class and middle class, existing residential housing market management plan, citizen's high quality residential life support policy and measures, and re-establishment of roles among residential housing policy principal decision makers, and others. Measures to push various and detailed policies such as compact sized residential housing supply expansion, residential housing ownership promotion, senior residential housing supply expansion and others should be sought for.
Feature of this research is that it forecasts future society utilizing population and household, society and economy, urban space structure, and residential housing preference, and resolves residential housing policy assignments based on such results. It also analyzes residential housing demands by region, type, and scale, and suggests measures of residential housing policy establishment that can raise efficiency of residential policy for senior citizens, and others.
The results of this research can provide clues of theoreticalㆍworking-level implications that can construct sustainable residential housing supply policy promotion system, and contribute to realization of residential housing indicator for citizen's quantitative and qualitative improvement, and construction of residential housing safety net. In addition, it is expected to provide diverse implications, and theoreticalㆍworking- level insights to residential housing supply policy researchers or policy makers.
However, this research has the limit in that it attempted secondary data dependent exploring approach without obtaining primary proven data. Therefore, it may be difficult to generalize such research results. For future research, with proven data necessary for analysis obtained and through further in-depth analysis and discussion, implications and effective residential housing supply policy and insight should be drawn.