This study is the purpose of this study is to suggest a major strategy to become effective for each port in Northeast Asia by analyzing the relative efficiency of each port to determine the current level of efficiency, efficient harbors plan. Individual port of the major 16 ports in Northeast Asia was analysed targeting efficiency and relative efficiency. In this study, DEA technique was used. Of the DEA model, CCR (constant returns to scale) models and BCC (variable return to scale) model was applied to analyze the efficiency and effectiveness of the port. Then the efficiency measured through CCR model is again compared with the efficiency measured by the BCC model. In this way, the empirical analysis includes the input factors of the operating ports such as the number of berths, wharf, depth, total area of the pier, C / C numbers and output elements includes the container throughput. The results of the study show that most of the ports in China is efficient whereas those in Korea and Japan are relatively inefficient. Especially, analysis of the China harbor and Korean harbor, the date of input factors which include number of berths, wharf, depth, total area of the pier, C/C number are very similar. But the analysis result shows that China harbor has a high efficiency. There are some pairs of ports which has the similar input factors, like Busan port and Shanghai port, Lianyungang port and Incheon port, Dalian port and Gwangyang port, but the container throughput of them has a huge difference.