한국해양대학교

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라만 분광법을 이용한 메탄, 이산화탄소, 질소, 아세톤 혼합 하이드레이트 내 객체분자 거동에 관한 연구

Title
라만 분광법을 이용한 메탄, 이산화탄소, 질소, 아세톤 혼합 하이드레이트 내 객체분자 거동에 관한 연구
Alternative Title
Occupation and Release Behavior of Guest Molecules in CH4, CO2, N2 and Acetone Mixture Hydrates: An In Situ Study by Raman Spectroscopy
Author(s)
서영록
Publication Year
2014
Publisher
한국해양대학교
URI
http://kmou.dcollection.net/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000002174859
http://repository.kmou.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/8970
Abstract
For practical applications of gas hydration (formation of gas hydrates) in environmental and technological processes, considerable knowledge regarding the thermodynamic stability and structural features of these hydrates, as well as the occupation behavior of specific components of gas mixtures within them, is essential. Herein, the hydrate phase equilibria of a system comprising CH4/CO2/N2 (55/40/5) + aqueous acetone solutions (1, 3, and 5.56 mol%) were determined in the temperature range 273 to 285 K and under pressures of up to 4.5 MPa. Gas compositions in the hydrate phase were also obtained by evaluating the following variables: (1) hydrate-formation temperature and pressure, (2) concentration of acetone, and (3) type of hydrate structure: (a) structure I, (b) structure II. The crystal structures of the gas hydrates formed from the acetone and CH4 + CO2 + N2 mixture gas were also evaluated by both X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. In addition, structural identification of the CH4 + CO2 + N2 + acetone hydrates formed by varying the concentration of acetone (0, 1, 3, and 5.56 mol%) was performed. Further evaluation of the temperature-dependent occupation behavior of CH4 and CO2 in structure II hydrate cages in the temperature range 150 to 290 K indicates that CH4 and CO2 gradually escaped from the hydrate frameworks with increasing temperature, up to 255 K, at which point the CH4 + CO2 + N2 + acetone hydrate completely decomposed. These results demonstrate that the guest-release behavior from the clathrate hydrate framework is strongly influenced by the system temperature, rather than the size and type of guest molecules trapped in the clathrate cages.
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해양에너지자원공학과 > Thesis
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