- 보세사제도 개선 방안에 관한 연구
- Publication Year
- 한국해양대학교 대학원
A Study on the Development Plan of
Bonded Goods Caretaker System
Department of International Customs
Graduate School of Korea Maritime and Ocean University
Due to the liberalization and opening of global economy, trade volume is steadily increasing and the import and export logistics volume has rapidly increased. Accordingly, countries have been putting efforts to improve the system to facilitate international logistics flow, but since the 9/11 attack in the U.S., the trend of global logistics has changed from being‘quick and smooth’ to‘safe’.
In case of Korea that has adopted in bond system, customs officers were dispatched in the beginning to bonded area for strict management of in bond shipment directly by the government, but with the rapid increase in global trade volume, self-managed bonded area and bonded good caretaker systems were adopted for rapid and efficient logistics support in an indirect management method.
For safe international trading, fair business conduct by bonded goods caretakers, who handle bonded goods on behalf of customs officers, is especially important, but they are sometimes involved in smuggling that they are disrupting the order in bonded area and threatening the safety of society. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to present the course of improvement in bonded goods caretaker system by examining such problems.
This study examined previous study data in Korea and analyzed publications and statistical data by relevant organizations such as Korea Customs Service and Korea Customs Logistics Association. In addition, interviews and surveys were conducted on bonded goods caretakers that are in the actual operations.
As a result, problems including the dependence according to the employment relationship between bonded goods caretakers and bonded area managers, level of difficulty in bonded goods caretaker screening that depreciates the qualitative value of professional license, absence of institutional strategy to reinforce and maintain the professionalism and ethics of bonded goods caretakers, and lack of social incentives at work were drawn.
In order to solve these problems, the level of difficulty in screening needs to be heightened or the number of qualified candidates should be limited to increase the scarcity value first. Second, regular training should be institutionalized to reinforce and maintain bonded goods caretakers’ professionalism and ethics.
Therefore, legal rights of bonded goods caretakers should be expanded and establishment of their organizations should be supported to enhance their social stature. Lastly, to secure independence of bonded goods caretakers from their employers, establishing bonded goods caretakers’corporation and cancelling the qualification upon illegal acts may be options.
The bonded goods caretaker system is the system that only exists in Korea. The number of bonded goods caretakers will continue to grow in the current global trading environment. Therefore, the role of bonded goods caretakers is crucial in securing fast logistics and safe shipment management. For safe management of bonded shipments, reduced administrative power and development of logistics, continuous attention and research on bonded goods caretaker system are needed.
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