Northeast Asia ports including Busan, Shanghai, Ningbo, Yokohama, Kaohsiung were in full activities to increase cargo throughput in maritime and port industry of the world.
In particular, these ports engaged in the fierce competition with other ports to enlarge cargo in various ways. Under this circumstances China is both a threat and an opportunity for port of Busan. for port of Busan in order to be a hub port in the Northeast Asia, transshipment cargo must be increased continuously.
Transshipment cargoes are more than 40% among whole cargo throughout of port of Busan. but transshipment cargoes are very changeable in accordance with port condition.
From 1991 to 2000 transshipment cargo of port of Busan had increased average 37.8% per year. However transshipment cargo of port of Busan became dull recently because of 'China effect' and change of maritime and port industry of the World.
Therefore volume incentive has put in force to maintain cheaper port expense and to induce competition of cargo attraction since 2004.
The purpose of this studies is to verify the effect of volume incentive to transshipment cargo of port of Busan that is absolute necessary to be northeast hub port.
But it is not so easy to measure the effect of volume incentive system of port of Busan. because the factors of shipping's calling port is extremely diverse. in other words, a number of complicating factors affected on transshipment cargo have to work for shipping companies to choose the calling's port.
To rate effect of volume incentive in port of Busan, survey intended for public official, professor, researcher, business man engaged in port logistics took effect during one month. collected data were analysed with SPSS 12.0 of statistics solution.
The results of these studies are as follows.
It is true volume incentive go far toward increasing port cargo, but it is extraordinarily difficult to estimate the amounts of cargo generated by volume incentive in port of Busan. so I convert estimated increase rate by the volume incentive into cargo amount.
The amounts that is generated by volume incentive are 5,408teu~265,024teu per year. also volume incentive had main problem such as placing too much emphasis on a large size shipping company and doubt of accurate effect. so the opinion that must revised volume incentive are ranked 71.1% among the whole.
Consequently, from now on volume incentive must be revised to promote cargo increasing effect and competitiveness of port of Busan. this studies had a limitation to measure effect of volume incentive due to various complicating factors affected on transshipment cargo.
In next study accurate measure ways about volume incentive are developed and deserve study. also it is necessary to examine relation closely between transshipment cargo throughout and vast sums of money paid by volume incentive system.