- 釜山의 海岸景觀管理方案에 관한 연구
- Alternative Title
- A Study on Management Measures for Coastal Landscape in Busan City
- Publication Year
- Due to the difficult accessibility of the Busan coastline to its citizens, this waterfront area has lost it's amenity. Because Busan coastline has primarily been utilized for industry and transportation there is a threat of serious destruction to the coastal environment and landscape. This problem is compounded by the rapidly increasing demand for coastal development in this area.
In addition there is little understanding of coastal management systems in this area and Busan, as a city, does not have any management measure for coastal landscapes. So there is a necessity for systematic management systems to restore and preserve this natural coastal landscape and its associated ocean resources.
The purpose of this study is to investigate domestic and foreign coastal landscape management systems in order to propose reform measures for improvement of coastal landscape management in Busan city.
The results of this study are as follows.
Firstly, domestic coastal landscape management systems are compartmentalized into urban planning part, coastal management part and environmental preservation part without comprehensive laws or integrated management measures.
On the other hand, in the United States of America and Japan coastal landscape management measures are established according to separate regional characteristics in order to protect and manage coastal landscapes through specification of special districts. These management measures are protected by legislation.
In Busan coastal landscape management measures have been rare because several administration departments preside over coastal landscape management individually under the separated law. As a result of this, coastal landscape management has been ineffective and there have been no integrated management measure for coastal landscaping. Especially coastal landscaping is managed under the urban management systems.
These findings indicate that the coastal landscape is in need of synthetic management in the form of coastal management rather than urban planning because coastal landscape is different from urban landscape by nature. Therefore coastal landscape management should be achieved through coastal landscape management ordinance which is based on the Coastal Management Act. And the zoning system for costal landscape management is to be set up under the coastal landscape management ordinance. Using the zoning system the coastal area can be divided into three costal landscape districts, the coastal landscape conservation district, coastal landscape restoration district and the coastal landscape plan district, which have the special characteristics of the coastal landscape individually.
Then rapid establishment of guidelines for coastal landscape planning and design are mandatory. Also Busan city government and the district office must manage their coastal landscape effectively through wholly responsible departments, experts and coastal landscape review committees.
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