Recently, as ship is getting bigger and high speed and icreasing in dangerous freight, countries through which these ship pass very frequently have been confronted severe environment problem called by sea pollution. As the result, the campaign which is trying to restrict to sail in their sea zone is rising and it's role has been assigned to Vessel Traffic Service (VTS).
VTS with fundamental surveillance device had begun in LIVERPOOL of England and in 1960, it spread out to EUROPE, after it, it was installed in North America, and were provided worldwide in 1980.
In korea, since POHANG port had introduced three step level VTS in Jan. 1993, VTS is running in 14 ports nationwide. Especially for BUSAN port, the greatest trade port in domestic, As it's role is getting more and more important economically, politically and militarily, by investing 7.5 billions of national budget to it, and after 2 year's construction period from 1996, in Dec. 1998, VTS with cutting-edge equipment has been running.
This study is to analyze achievement by operation of VTS based on experiences in operation of VTS of BUSAN port for the sake of improving quality in VTS and the trend of sea accident by comparing "before installation of VTS " with "After installation of VTS" and therefore, we estimated the value of VTS. and also by generalizing the opinion and complain of sea traffic controller who have much experience in management of sea traffic for several years, we analyzed several problems in operation of VTS of BUSAN port and then delivered the guide line for improving of VTS and last we delieved the plan for activating organization and operation of VTS.
From above survey and research, we have came to three conclusions as following
First, by the result of analyzing the trend of sea accident happened before and after of installation of VTS, we came to know that the accidents such as collision, strand of ship have been decreased remarkably. this means VTS of BUSAN port have great contribution to prevention of sea accident.
Second, we have analyzed 7 problems of VTS operation in BUSAN port.
Third, we provided 7 plans for effective operation system of VTS suitable for geographical characteristic of BUSAN port.