A marine resource is referred sometimes as the last treasury of resource which takes an essential role for human life. Therefore, a mankind has lived for long time striving to obtain many resources from sea and ceaselessly conflicted with others for more marine resources. For many years, there were lots of conflicts caused by the countries expanding to sea side for more marine resources.
To solve these problems, United Nation's law of the sea was agreed in 1982 and took an effect on December 1994. This law says an exclusive economic zone(EEZ) covering 200 miles exceeding territorial waters, and admits every sovereign rights of an exploit, development and preservation of the natural resources, scientific survey within the area 200 miles from the coast line of the homeland.
In case of South Korea, distance to China and Japan is less than 400 miles, so EEZ is piled one on another. Especially, the EEZ in Yellow Sea is greatly influenced by maritime activities of neighbor countries such as North Korea and China. Protection of an ecological system and fishery resources in this region should be archived by systematic and collaborated national effort. However, recently the illegal fisheries by chinese fishing boats in the southwestern waters of Yellow Sea are frequently found and cause the damage and loss of our natural resources.
Therefore, in this paper, a control measure against illegal fishery occurring in southwestern waters between Korea and China will be proposed as a solution for problems caused by illegal activity of chinese fishing boats. The proposed control measure includes the general information center of maritime safety(GICOMS), automatic identification system(AIS) and vessel monitoring system(VMS) supported by the ministry of maritime affairs and fisheries(MOMAF) so as to carry out effective remote surveillance and management against the illegal work of chinese fishing boats.