Most of marine casualties are caused by not only wrong operation of equipments but also lack of knowledge about navigational equipments or systems. But we can say these casualties result from their mental problem or lack of situational awareness. BRM(Bridge Resource Management) is required to manage bridge resource properly and efficiently and cut off the error chain, SHS (Ship Handling Simulation) to practice ship handling to prevent accidents caused by lack of ship handling skill.
The best place to practice ship handling seems to be on board the vessel that one will join soon or later. But if one who is not familiar to the ship practices ship handling training on the vessel, the vessels may be broken because of mistake due to his lack of skill, which means that it is impossible to make a practice ship handling training on a real ship. That is the reason why they need to choose marine simulator instead of training ship. They can make practice repeatedly until they accomplish their intended goal, even if trainees brake piers or vessels during simulation.
These simulators are used not only for mariners but also for many kinds of industrial divisions like constructions of break water, wharves, atomic plants and ship buildings etc. This study aims to investigate the recent status of BRM & SHS, and to suggest several recommendations such as teaching skills, proper number of trainees, evaluation skill, etc. to make more efficient crew training with ship handling simulator.