The purpose of education& training in shipping company is to develop crew's vocational abilities, to promote individual self-development through identifying individual's desire and to make crews understanding of one's role in an organization. Ultimately the purpose of education& training is to increase ship's security and to improve in productivity. In other words, we can improve productivity by using ship which transfers cargos quickly as well as safely. If there is one thing important than the productivity of the ship then it would be ship's safe navigation and protection of marine environment. The improvement in productivity is only a matter within a company however ship's safe navigation and protection of marine environment are something between countries, an international matter. Marine accidents cause more than a loss in a single company. They cause troubles to others by destructing ocean environments, making problems international. Therefore prevention of marine accidents are one of major crew educational goals. It is this intention that makes crew education different from ordinary company education.
STCW agreement set standards of essential education processes that crews have to compulsorily take to help protect marine environments and for marine safety. Also, every country is to follow ports state control which checks crews educational states and crew's certificate. Educating crew is, compulsory education to meet the requiring standards of international agreement and domestic laws, professional education requiring expert knowledges to safely transfer and handle cargos, repeating education that has to be done daily to prevent safety accidents, and survival education to survive on the seas.
How to overcome present situation of shortage of experienced and educated crews by sharp increase in merchant shipping companies, and operating effective crew education system that could meet the standards of international agreements and domestic laws are homeworks for marine companies to solve. Therefore, this study has its purpose in finding actual current problems and presenting effective crew education system by analysing and scrutinizing present situations of crew education systems.
Finding out realities of educations of crews who are on board and those waiting to be on board, and figuring out the most effective way of educating crews were main purposes of the study.
Also concentrated on proposing new crew education that could be of actual help by understanding current crew education and figuring out present problems in crew education that's being held among marine companies by analysing S marine company crew education & training
As a result of the study, it was figured that crew education must be constantly carried out. Also to enhance the crew education effects, first of all, crews under education should know the purpose and needs of the education, secondly, support and interest from management class is required, thirdly, methods and contents of education programs should be substantial, and finally, satisfaction of the education program must be high.