Excavation of underground space in soft ground implicate to the structure, such as subsidence. As a result, it has been acting as a serious risk to the stability of the roads and facilities.
Therefore, in order to stabilize the soil stabilization and
reinforcement of the structure, we have been using a number of methods and injecting material. In this study, we compared and analyzed the amount of subsidence regarding the ground reinforcement during underground excavation in soft ground by performing model test. And three-dimensional numerical analysis was performed using FLAC 3D.
The subsidence was simulated numerically according to the tunnel excavation. The subsidence results of the model tests and numerical analyzes were relatively consistent. Thus comparing the ground subsidence by varying the reinforcement area on the numerical analysis was analyzed.
As a results, three-dimensional numerical simulation could be regarded to simulate better on the ground subsidence by various kinds of underground excavation and it can be used as a material of subsidence prevention methods.