Shipbuilding industry in Korea has achieved a great growth since the first ship yard in Mipo was built in 1964 as a part of “5 year economy development plan” led by Korean government. It also played a leading role in Korean Economy growth especially in heavy industry development such as metal, machinery etc.
It is known that shipbuilding industry originated from European countries based on metal rivet technology which changed ships from wood to metal body. In 1960’s Japan adopted block welding from the US military war ship building technology and they dominated the world’s shipbuilding industry until the early 2000’s. A great demand in oil tanker ships caused by world’s oil shock in 1970’s greatly supported Japan’s ship building industry growth.
In early 1990’s, Korea accelerated to invest in shipbuilding industry with huge scale shipyard building and shipbuilding naval architecture training programs in universities. Although, it enfaced a crisis during Korea Economy crisis in 1997, it succeeded in becoming world’s leading country in 2002. Korea’s shipbuilding industry ranked in the 1st place of all until 2008 and contributed a lot in Korean economy growth.
However, many of underdeveloped countries especially China, paid attention to shipbuilding industry as a means of their economic growth, finally, China took Korea’s first place in shipbuilding industry in 2008 thanks to the great demand new ship from huge maritime industry and strong support from government. Korean restored the first place in 2009, but it is obvious that China’s shipbuilding industry will be great threat.
Korea, whose labor cost is over 5 times higher than that of china, it cannot take advantage of cost competitiveness any more as it had against Japan in the past.
The only way to continue the prosperity of Korea shipbuilding industry is to renovate technology where China cannot take over. To do so, Korea have to review human resources education and new possibilities in the market.
The purpose of this study is to find a way to continue Korea’s shipbuilding industry’s continuous challenge over the world by looking into shipbuilding and offshore plant operation industry in point view of human resource development.
To do this, I analyzed the characteristics of shipbuilding and offshore plant industry as well as technology trend and demand from market
Secondly, I studied the human resource development status by looking into education system and Research and development organizations to identity problems which exist
As a result, I suggest two enhancement plans in Human resource development plan to support Korea’s shipbuilding industry growth