This study aims to suggest efficient alternatives for the distribution channels of import & export containers by each means of transport in order to save logistics cost and improve logistics congestion.
It is urgently needed to reduce logistics cost considering that national logistics cost in 2002 amounts to 8,732 billion won, accounting for 12.7% of GNP, according to the release of Ministry of construction & transportation.
Expecially in case of container transportation, 87.7 % was occupied by road in Busan and 75% in Gwangyang in 2003. Most containers are moved by road in Korea, hence it cause logistics cost to increase, congest and air- pollute. The proper alternative to decrease the share of road transportation and allot a portion of the transportation to coastal shipping .shduld be sought. However considering our geographical & environmental features,. it is not easy to decrease the share of road transport rapidly.
Accordingly, to improve logistics efficiency for container cargoes in Korea, facility expansion and improvement in a logistics system through comparative analysis by the means of transportation are essential, and positive efforts to cope with change of economic activities of North & South Korea should be followed as well.
In conclusion, this study suggests alternatives not only to increase efficiency of transportation by road but also to revitalize coastal shipping in order to cut down logistics cost stemming from the road congestion.