The purpose of this study is to recommend a solution for strengthening the Korean Port Competitiveness and investigating the related factors by using empirical methodology.
There are two steps involved in this study .
first, this study defines four factors which effect port competitiveness by using Knowledge-Management Model established by Kalplan and Norton. The K-M Model used in the study is useful in identify the successful factors of port competitiveness. The four factors indicated in the above model are the internal organization process factor, financial factor, port-service factor, knowledge management strategy /administrative factor.
second, as a statistical results(T-test, Multivariate ANOVA, Muliple Regression Analysis) are employed to compare the relation between the above four factors and the correspond capability of external and internal environment, contribution to the regional economic as well as the development of the foreign country and North Korean port.
According to the results drawn from the four factors included in the K-M Model analysis and projected actual competitiveness is extremely high. However, actual competitiveness is somewhat low. Therefore, actual projected competitiveness level of the Korean port should be considered low as well.
Also the four factors of K-M Model have a close association to national competitiveness, contribution to the regional economy, corresponding capabilities of the external environment and internal environment, the importance of foreign port development as well as the importance of the North Korea port development and finally the port organization reform. However, there was no relevance to the local government.
It is important to note and consider the following in examining the results of the test and the aforementioned association.
First, the variations, which affect the contribution of national competitiveness is port strategy including capital supply and port operation.
Second, the contribution of the regional economy and its relevance to port operation
Third, how the corresponding capability of the external environment relates to the port services and port capability.
Finally, the corresponding capability of internal environment also effects port strategy.