Traditionally, determination of the optimal containership size is the most important factor for competitiveness of shipping companies in the shipping market.
Under this environment, many shipping companies and economists have been studied about the problem.
The objective of this research is to determine the optimal containership size by total shipping cost in the main trunk lines.
Total shipping cost is calculated at the ground of capital cost, vessel operation costs, voyage costs, port charge and miscellaneous cost for 'Europe-Far East', 'Far East-North America' and 'Europe-Far East-North America' services.
Analysis showed that the 6,500TEU containership is an optimal size on the 'Europe-Far East' and 'Europe-Far East-North America' services. And the 8,200TEU containership is an optimal size on the 'Far East-North America' service.
Moreover, if the larger containerships over 8,200TEU class start operation afterward, it would be less competitive in the analyzed 3services.