- 컨테이너터미널 항만용역업무의 작업개선 방안
- Alternative Title
- Process Improvement for Port Service Jobs at Container Terminal
- Publication Year
- 한국해양대학교 해사산업대학원
Continuous and fast evolution over all the sectors in world shipping and port technologies are enough to make all related people surprised to see that they are being isolated without knowing where to go even on their own specialties. Busan port terminals have been transformed step by step their service pattern as "Full on-dock system" as from opening of 4 container berths of new terminals in Gamman area on year 1998, resulted from seeking of considerable cost savings by Shipping Line and increase of terminals' revenue by terminal operators' side for higher stevedore rates than off-dock mode.
Likely with other area, it was noted that some modifications on the job process and factors are unavoidably requested in the area of container lashing and tally works when shipping lines prefers so-called "one-stop" service. However, due to various reasons, the changing progress has been very reluctant to meet all working SCM nodes in efficient way.
SCM (Supply chain Management) in industry has many variants according to the sectors being applied, such as manufacturing factory, logistic bodies, national infrastructures level for optimization among transportation over land, air, and sea. We will study in this report in the micro-level SCM within container terminal sector focused on lashing and tally jobs which are duplicated without clear job definitions in light with the fact that indeed the services have been already included in terminal service agreement.
We could find no other reason for segregating lashing gang and its job from terminal organization, but for difficulties of terminal operators on negotiation with port laborers’ union. In fact so far in general cargo ships and container ships at "off-dock" berth, it has been shipping lines responsibility to order lashing gangs and tally clerks onboard ship at berth, but result of this study show definitely the necessary of "Integrated service" by container terminal operators for full container ships, and the one-stop service for lashing and tally job in container terminal are quite well adopted about 80percent of world-wide container terminal in wide geographical sectors.
1) Based on working terminal contract which is already including tally and lashing service as a part of on-dock service, it was proved trends of industrial practices in this point.
2) Practices in world leading terminals in global ports have been surveyed and reviewed, and found that more than 80% of them are systematically incorporating tally and lashing services as part of on-dock service.
3) Studies on Korean harbor-logistics regulation showed no restriction on on-dock service from incorporating lashing and tally job as terminal service.
4) Questionnaire answers from 54 managers who have careers covering from 15years through 30 years have been analyzed that more than 70 percent of them are supporting the one-stop services as efficient system for harbor function and terminal productivity.
We hope this report contributes to indicate proper information to improve Busan port system for guideline.
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