According to the globalization of world economy on distribution and sales, logistics and transportation parts are playing an important role. Especially, they have to decide what is the key factor of route choice model and how to choose the right transport route in multimodal transport system. By considering the key factors in rote choice model for freight forwarders between Mongolia and Korea, this thesis propose 4 main factors: Cost, Time, Freight and Logistics service with 13 sub factors. Factors' importance level surveyed through interview with Mongolian freight forwarders, analyzed by AHP analysis.
In results, Time is most important factor to choose transport route, Cost factor is second, and then Freight and Logistics service factors. And the empirical insights about current status of Mongolian forwarders are provided with different factors between transportation modes.
Therefore this thesis also considering about new transportation line, as follow as government information, there will be open 7 new routes(5 of shipping and rail line, 2 of air line) in nearest 5 years. Thus, the purpose of this thesis is determining efficiency and suggest activation plan for those new route between Korea and Mongolia. In result, new lines 4 and 8 were expected higher utilization in shipping and rail route, and new line 9 was expected higher utilization in air route.
The case of new line 4 is railway route through North Korea and China’s railway. This route distance is 233km shorter, transportation time is 10 hours shorter and transfer number is 2 times lower than existing route. Case of new line 8 is multimodal route with shipping and railway through China. This route transportation time is 5 hours shorter and transfer number is 1 times lower than existing route, but transport distance is 653kim longer than existing route.
Next case of airway line 9 is almost every elements are similar with existing air route. However, new airport have more developed infrastructure and capacity than existing airport.
For this reason this thesis suggesting 3 kind of activation plan of systemical activation plan, infrastructural activation plan and connectional activation plan of new routes between Korea and Mongolia.
First, Systemical activation plan of new lines need to finish construction of Asian highway road and new railway plan. Also one important issue is usage of North Korean railway. Especially, connection of Korea and North Korea railway.
Lastly, this thesis have supplying significant information to next empirical study of Korea and Mongolian trade relationship, logistics, transportation route and new line implementation. need to improve important terminal and facilities, construct the new terminal and custom in the new railway route on border point. And more important thing is solve the transfer technology and transfer facility of railway gauge in Mongolia.
Third, Connectional activation plan of new lines need to investment for railway and highway construction and planning of professional manpower training policy. Second, Infrastructural activation plan of new lines