해사소송관할에 관한 비교 연구- 국제협약 및 다른 국가의 법과의 비교와 중국법을 중심으로
- 해사소송관할에 관한 비교 연구- 국제협약 및 다른 국가의 법과의 비교와 중국법을 중심으로
- Alternative Title
- A Comparative Study on Maritime Litigation Jurisdiction
- Publication Year
- 한국해양대학교 대학원
- Maritime litigation is a special kind of rules of litigation, especially the litigation jurisdiction of which is a rich and complicated subject. In the field of international maritime litigation jurisdiction, the coordination and settlements of the conflicts of jurisdiction is vital to the uniform of the international maritime law. This article, starting from the historical source of maritime litigation jurisdiction, amply introduces the conception, category and legal characteristics of maritime litigation jurisdiction, points out the conflicts and settlements of international maritime litigation jurisdiction, demonstrates the maritime litigation jurisdiction in International Conventions, European Union, China and Korea, and emphatically analyzes rules of jurisdiction clauses of bill of lading and maritime litigation jurisdiction on the ship-owner？s limitation cases which are the specific solutions on maritime litigation jurisdiction in Chinese laws
then, aiming at defects existing in maritime litigation jurisdiction of China, puts forward corresponding suggestions to improve the rules of maritime litigation jurisdiction for China.
Chapter 1 Introduction. This chapter involves the objective, scope and method of the research. The objective is as follows: the rules of maritime litigation are special and important legal rules. But they are rarely referred to in international conventions and are undound in many countries including China. The author, as a judge engaging in maritime trial, decides to research maritime litigation jurisdiction rules due to his confusion of it in judicial practice. This article involves the history, conception, category and legal characteristics of maritime litigation jurisdiction, relative rules concerning jurisdiction of maritime litigation in international conventions and laws all over the world, conflicts and settlements of international maritime litigation jurisdiction and measures for improvement of jurisdiction rules of China. This article, firstly lengthways compares the internal development of rules of maritime litigation jurisdiction system and secondly breadthwise compares the maritime litigation jurisdiction rules of China with relative rules in international conventions and other countries. In addition, as a judge engaging in jurisdictional practice, the author also adopts the way of combination of theory and practice.
Chapter 2 General Theory of Maritime Litigation Jurisdiction. This chapter firstly demonstrates the overview of maritime litigation jurisdiction. It introduces the definition, origin and historical development, jurisdictional scope of maritime litigation jurisdiction. Then it sets forth the category and legal characteristics of maritime litigation jurisdiction. This chapter secondly discusses maritime litigation jurisdiction involving foreign elements. It analyzes the fact basis and legislative authority of performance of maritime litigation jurisdiction involving foreign elements, the reasons for conflict of maritime litigation jurisdiction involving foreign elements and from aspects of legislation and judicature, points out the principles and ways of solving the conflict of maritime litigation jurisdiction involving foreign elements.
Chapter 3 Comparative Analysis of Maritime Litigation Jurisdiction. This chapter demonstrates maritime litigation jurisdiction in International Conventions, European Union (hereinafter referred to as ？EU？), China and Korea in detail and compares with each other by combination of their own characteristics. In the rules maritime litigation jurisdiction in International Conventions, it introduces the importance of maritime litigation jurisdiction in procedural justice, International Conventions concerning legal rules of maritime litigation jurisdiction and the application of International Conventions concerning maritime litigation jurisdiction in China. In maritime jurisdiction rules of EU, it demonstrates the concept and characteristics, the legal basis and the legal meaning of research of maritime litigation jurisdiction of EU. As for the introduction of maritime litigation jurisdiction in Korea and China, it analyzes the connective elements for confirmation of domestic maritime jurisdiction by Korea and foundational principles and litigant logos of maritime jurisdiction exercised by Korea, which are all from aspect of the domestic maritime jurisdiction and maritime jurisdiction involving foreign elements, introduces the domestic structure of maritime jurisdiction in China including legal jurisdiction, jurisdiction by order, exclusive jurisdiction and agreed jurisdiction, legal basis and legal system of the maritime jurisdiction involving foreign elements. At last, it conducts a summary of comparative analysis on maritime litigation jurisdiction between International Conventions and China, between European Union and China and between Korea and China.
Chapter 4 Specific Solutions on Maritime Litigation Jurisdiction in Chinese Laws？？Rules of Jurisdictional Clauses of Bill of Lading and Maritime Litigation Jurisdiction on the Ship-owner？s Global Limitation Cases. This chapter, with reference to maritime litigation jurisdictional clauses of bill of lading, analyzes the characteristics of it in nomology, sets forth its effectiveness from the aspects of legal rules and formal condition and shows the comprehension and cognizance of America, Japan, Korea and China to it. In demonstration of maritime litigation jurisdiction on the ship-owner？s global limitation cases, it firstly demonstrates the legal meaning of maritime litigation jurisdiction on the ship-owner？s global limitation, maritime litigation jurisdiction on the ship-owner？s global limitation in pollution by ship and collision cases and the relationship of maritime litigation jurisdiction on the ship-owner？s global limitation and Forum Non Conveniens. Then, it analyzes the concept, origin and development, application, comment, and the judicial practice of Forum Non Conveniens in China.
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Suggestions. In demonstration of conclusions, this chapter, with combination of the internal characteristics and developmental situation of maritime litigation jurisdiction, points out that the maritime litigation jurisdiction rules of China need further improvement to meet the new demands to maritime litigation jurisdiction. In demonstration of suggestions, this article advises that China should try their best to establish the rules of maritime litigation consistent with international conventions and customs and realize the uniform of maritime litigation jurisdiction through special and centralized jurisdiction to maritime litigation, respect of the agreed jurisdiction of the parties and establishment of the relative rules.
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