In the globalization era in the 21st century, there has been an increasing amount of exchange in international society and also the quantity of goods transported and shipping quantity along with the density of transportation. Therefore, there has been an increasing risk on marine accident including collision or stranding of ships. Therefore, IMO started requesting to install and operate VTS at the seas with much amount of marine transportation or risk via SOLAS.
Hereupon, as the importance of marine transportation has been increased for serving as a leading role of preventing marine accident and promoting marine logistics, following improvement plans have been explored while investigating the current status of Korea for reinforcing the function of marine transportation control system.
First of all, it is required to prepare for localized technology of VTS to solve issues in the technological and expense-related issues of SW from foreign countries for efficient management and operation of VTS.
Secondly, since e-Navigation connects ship users and those on the ground by using more advanced marine transportation technology over the ones in the past, it is possible to expect the expansion of an area to the coast in control area of VTS beyond the nation and also the feasibility of improvement in the field that was inefficiently controlled in the past due to limited communication method. By exchanging the scenes of VTS controllers with the ones of ship mates due to e-Navigation, mates are able to utilize many of the real-time information on the controller's scene, and controller is able to understand the situations of a ship to be controlled through the scene of mate more vividly. In addition, it is also anticipated to provide efficient and graphical communication tools that have not been realized with VHS voice communication in the past. Furthermore, all the information on the ground and ocean will be integrated in a consistent form, and this will be the improvement to rational VTS with much efficient that has not been expected in the past. According to the result of analysis on expenses and benefits of such new technology, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries and IMO recognized how it is urgently needed to adopt such technology if considering the casualties that cannot be calculated in values for marine accidents due to lack of this technology, severe risk of disasters according to characteristics of marine accidents, influence on the environment, and potential profits from efficient transportation management.
However, quality and reliability of the software have been emphasized according to the increasing proportion of IT and software for the equipment in e-Navigation era. However, the importance of quality of software has been recognized among domestic companies, but personnel, time, and examination are not systematically applied to acquire the quality of software in the course of manufacturing the products. According to the survey, they turned out to fall behind for more than 5 years compared to the ones in foreign countries. Therefore, it is urgent to cultivate policies regarding this issue. In addition, since it becomes difficult to advance to the international market without this, it has been a huge obstacle in the promotion for domestic market. However, all the companies, government, and groups have not been successful in applying strategic approach. Therefore, a systematic and strategic approach is required to acquire the quality of software.