한국해양대학교

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마리나 개발 시 발생하는 갈등에 관한 연구 : 해양레저스포츠시설을 중심으로

Title
마리나 개발 시 발생하는 갈등에 관한 연구 : 해양레저스포츠시설을 중심으로
Author(s)
김남규
Publication Year
2020
Publisher
한국해양대학교 해양과학기술전문대학원
URI
http://repository.kmou.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/12366
http://kmou.dcollection.net/common/orgView/200000284014
Abstract
This study aims at suggesting possible solutions for the conflicts of marina development process in Korea by analysing the types and causes perceived by the stakeholders to marinas and recommendations priotised by the marina experts. To this end, this study employed both survey and delphi methodologies.
The questionnaire survey was conducted on 380 people in five marina development areas in three regions, and 342 sheets among them were used as the final valid samples. The data analysies were done with Frequency, Chi-square test, t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Logistic Regression Analysis by using SPSS 22.0, and the additional opinions in the questionnaire sheets were processed with Contents Analysis. Delphi analysis was done through two-time investigations and researches on 12 marina-related experts, and the analysis of the collected data was processed with Kendall's W test for the prioritization.
Accordingly, the results from current research are as follows.
There are the following results from the questionnaire survey.
First, there were differences in whether to agree with development of marina by demographic features. Specifically, in whether to agree with development of marina by stakeholder group, fishery groups objection was higher than that of ordinary residents and in weather to agree with development of marina by fishery type of fishery groups, ship owners objection was higher than that of aquaculture groups. In whether to agree with development of marina by region, the South Sea region objection was higher than that of the East Sea region.
Second, for types of conflicts in development of marina by demographic features, there were partial differences. Specifically, for types of conflicts in development of marina by stakeholder group, fishery groups showed higher interest conflict than ordinary residents.
Third, for causes of conflicts in development of marina by demographic features, there were partial differences. Specifically, for causes of conflicts in development of marina by stakeholder group, fishery groups were higher than ordinary residents in group selfishness and exclusion in development process, sub-factors. For causes of conflicts in development of marina by fisher types in fishery groups, ship owners were higher than aquaculture groups in group selfishness, exclusion in development process, and environmental problems, sub-factors. For causes of conflicts in development of marina by residential area, the South Sea region was higher than the East Sea region in one of sub-factors, exclusion of development process.
Fourth, there were no differences in types of conflicts by whether to agree with development of marina.
Fifth, there were differences of causes of conflicts by whether to agree with development of marina. Specifically, for all sub-factors of causes of conflicts in development of marina, the objecting groups were higher than the agreeing groups.
Sixth, interest groups, residental area, types of conflicts, and causes of conflicts affected partially whether to agree with development of marina. Specifically, interest group, residental area, group selfishness and exclusion in development process, sub-factors of causes of conflicts affected whether to agree with development of marina.
Seventh, additional opinions about causes of conflicts in development of marina by stakeholder group are specifically as follows: Fishery groups suggested economic damages, exclusion, and damages and losses of fishery tools while leisure service groups addressed noise pollution and traffic jam due to development of marina. Ordinary residents made their additional suggestions such as inconvenience of beaches, parking problems, and disputes among people due to rising land cost, and increasing traffic accidents due to traffic increases.
Eighth, additional opinions on solving conflicts in development of marina by stakeholder group are as follows: Fishery groups suggested classification of entry and leave time of ports, rewards, continuos observation on damages of fishery tools by marine police, organizing a council, educating environmental sensibility, and thorough control on dumping trashes, while leisure service groups suggested organizing a council, free parking lot for marina, reducing development scale, and co-existence by sharing nautical chart. Ordinary residents group suggested having a council, substantial benefit from development of marina, prohibition of use of beach, protections for the existing market zone, quarterly marine cleaning activities, and governmental control on rising cost of properties, and installing lots speed bumps around marina entry and exit and roads as their additional opinions.
Next, there are the solutions of conflicts from the Delphi analysis as follows.
First, the priorities in solving conflicts by cause during development of marina, are firstly, factors of group selfishness, secondly, exclusion in development of marina, and thirdly, those of environmental problems.
Second, the priorities for solving group selfishness, one of sub-factors of causes of the conflicts are firstly, having a council, secondly, educating and supporting for improving people's recognition, thirdly, promoting the effects of marina development, and fourthly, appointing a mediator for disputes, and fifth, creating profits through organizing a cooperate.
Third, the priorities for solving exclusion issues in development, one of sub-factors of causes of the conflicts are firstly, providing information on project plans, secondly, participating in project plans, thirdly, introducing to marina development mediation council, and fourthly, supporting for locally required projects.
Fourth, the priorities for solving environmental problems, one of sub-factors of causes of the conflicts are firstly, building safety management system, secondly, building port management system, thirdly, reducing damages on fishery zones, and fourthly, pursuing environmental improvement projects, respectively.
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수중잠수과학기술전공 > Thesis
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