한국해양대학교

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동북아 거점항만으로서의 문제점분석에 관한 연구

Title
동북아 거점항만으로서의 문제점분석에 관한 연구
Alternative Title
A Study on the Problem Analysis as Hub-Port in the North-East Asia
Author(s)
고종국
Publication Year
2004
Publisher
한국해양대학교 해사산업대학교
URI
http://kmou.dcollection.net/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000002174824
http://repository.kmou.ac.kr/handle/2014.oak/8924
Abstract
This paper investigates about the corresponding device to the main factor of the problems, which our port will face when successfully being North-East Asia's central port. To achieve the main topic of this essay
the decreasing of transshipment cargo, the growth possibilities of the competition ports surrounding North-East Asia, and the unsatisfactory service-facilities of our main port. Amongst these three factors, the most threatening factor for our port to aim at becoming the central port in North-East Asia is the competition port's (Shanghai, Qingdao, Kobe, etc) growth probability. Among the competition ports, the most threatening factor is Shanghai China port's variable volition of growth. The construction of a large scale of terminal, [Development plan of deep-draft container terminal at Yangsan], for 52 berth at a depth of 15m in Dansan Islands at Daeso Yangsan which is located at a marine of 30Km Eastwards from Shanghai harbor, is in process. In a definite way, Shanghai harbor is the most threatening barrier for our port to become the central harbor in North-East Asia because the construction of total length of 1,600m for 1st step construction of five berth is in process till 2005 and if in 2010, the construction is complete for 54 berth, it will furnish handling capacity of 20million TEU, thus making it the main intimidating factor for our port.

Subsequently, it is possessed real grounds of port at Shanghai, Qingdao, Kobe, etc which our Busan port or Kwangyang port have no possession. The focus of the future harbor is not only loading/discharging function, but also substantially able to create a valuable construction of real grounds of port is urgent and an efficient and flexible management. Therefore, the construction of real grounds of port is urgent for Busan new port or Kwangyang port to become the central port in North-East Asia. Moreover, for competing country's central logistics, port development's accelerate and hub of logistics is in propulsion. Thus, for Japan's super central port policy and logistics industry's activation, special economic zone system's introduction and through Taiwan's Kaohsiung port main plan of development of 2020, developing additional 16 container berth and ensure total of 30million TEU handling capacity is a propulsion plan.

Consequently, these competing country's central logistics propulsion plan is recognized as the main factor which causes a great amount of threat to our port to intend to become the central port in North-East Asia.

Secondly, decreasing trend of transshipment cargo is the second main factor which is recognized as another intimidating factor to our port to become the central port in North-East Asia. After the year 2000, transshipment cargo mean was around 30% yearly. However, in 2003 Busan port, there were the effects of typhoon and serious disturbance of logistics but comparison of last year not even 8.8% and Kwangyang port is at around 9.7%. transshipment cargo is further increasing and these Trend of North-East Asia for the quantity of goods transported causes a problem to our port which has only a few domestic cargo and thus, it is a serious factor for our port to develop into the central port in North-East Asia.

Thirdly, North-East Asia competing country's of central logistics competitions accelerate and unable to correspond to the logistic environmental changes are the fact that our port has lack of confrontation.

Not only today's port facilities and services are inadequate compared to the competing harbors, but also the primary factor of failure of the developing plan is expected. Thus, for Busan new port, if consider the negotiation date for the southern ports 11 berth, it will be hard to complete within the planning date.

Also, real road of Busan port and real grounds of port construction propulsion is expected to have a miscarriage in completing it within the expecting date. Consequently, according to option and concentration, focusing on the resources is considerate for our port to become the central port.

we can sufficiently dispose to the threatening competing ports and resuscitate to become the central port.

Fourthly, as the above statements, amongst the three main environment factors, the first reason why our port has an uncertainty of becoming the central port in North-East Asia is because our harbor facilities and services has a low quality of level and next is decreasing trend of transshipment cargo. Also, it appeared that North-East Asia competing ports growth possibility has no effect on the uncertainty. Moreover, it is also the fact that our port facility and service level is insufficient which effects to lower the reliability for our port to become the central port and next is decreasing trend of transshipment cargo and North-East Asia competing ports growth possibility is appeared that it is effecting on lowering the reliability. According to these results, if we strengthen the competitiveness of our harbor with no miscarriage in logistics environment of North-East Asia, we can sufficiently dispose to the threatening competing ports and resuscitate to become the central port.

Lastly, the three main factors all effect the insufficient recognition of Kwangyang port. Needless to say this is because of the propulsion that is in process, which is to develop berth and rear grounds with no miscarriage and by connecting with Busan new port, port operating system is needed.
survey was carried, verified a set experimental hypothesis by grasping the variety of relationships with human resource and applied the Multiple Regression Analysis to diagnose our port's problem according to North-East Asia's logistics environment change. Summarizing the result of the experiment, it come out as following.

Firstly, concerning if the developing of Busan new port or Kwangyang port could become the North-East Asia's central port, the professionals of logistic pointed out that they have a high possibility of not becoming the central port and a low reliability.

Especially for Kwangyang port, the recognition turns out to be insufficient for becoming a central port in North-East Asia. Abstracted these uncertainty and low reliability are mainly caused by
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해사경영학과 > Thesis
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