The aim of this study is to grasp the current status of the multi-cultures in order to cope actively with the multi-cultural society which is growing and to avoid conflicts that could be generated by transition into the multi-cultural society, thus making contribution to prepare the successful multi-cultural society in Busan.
There are many migrant workers and marriage immigrants typically due to a global trend which is incoming variety cultures through multiple paths. The multi-cultural policies are being implement since Participatory Government advocated multi-cultural society in Korea, because the multi-culturalism can serve as new ideology of national unity in the pluralistic societies. The main target of the multi-cultural policy has been female marriage immigrants, because 'culture' in context of the multi-cultures premise settlement and persistence as life style. Today's administration needs to strongly efficiency internally and democratization externally. If the 'Governance System' is efficient supply of administration through network for variety participants on policy process, it can satisfy efficiency and democratization at the same time, so the governance system is required in field of multi-cultural policies. Especially it is important that the local governance of local government level is operated because it is closely connected with life of the local residents.
This study consists of five parts. Except for introduction(chapter 1) and conclusion(chapter 5), there are theoretical consideration about the multi-culturalism and the governance in chapter 2, the current status of the multi-culture of Busan in chapter 3, and empirical analysis of the multi-cultural policy governance in chapter 4. The research method carried out studying literature at first, searching the data at second, surveying for female marriage immigrants and staffs of multi-cultural support organization(including public institutions and NGOs) at third and statistical analysis of that surveys at last.
The variables of the multi-cultural policy governance that derived from precedent studies on the governance and the multi-culturalism are ‘accessibility’, ‘representative’, ‘reciprocity’, ‘correspondence’, ‘satisfaction’, and ‘governance level’. On the basis of selected variables, it is expected that there exist perception gaps between the marriage immigrants and the staffs. And also the perception gaps among the marriage immigrants classified by personal characteristics are expected. Personal characteristics are residence region, native country, Korean citizenship acquisition, residence time in Busan, age, educational background, presence of children.
The results of the study, excepting for participation that made problems on analysis process, don't exist perception gaps between the marriage immigrants and the staffs. It can be a precondition that is operated for the governance system profitably. And perception gaps are existed among the marriage immigrants classified by residence time, educational background, and presence of children. It means that they need different policies depending on above-mentioned characters. Each characteristic variables are the conceptual components of multi-cultural policy governance, they need to identify mutual correlation. The results of correlation analysis shows that high correlation between correspondence and reciprocity, between correspondence and satisfaction, and between correspondence and governance level. Therefore the core variable was correspondence.
On the basis of the results, I suggest the improvement alternatives in aspect of accessibility, representative, reciprocity, and correspondence. Above all, I suggest in terms of accessibility first, quantity growth aid for multi-cultural support organizations second, publicity of multi-cultural support organizations by multiple media third, making friendly atmosphere of multi-cultural support organizations. Next for improvement in terms of representative I suggest that make the marriage immigrants who adapted in new society and could stand on their feet work for other immigrants. For improvement In terms of reciprocity I urge to supply translation system of variety languages. Last, in terms of correspondence I suggest that investigate the policy preference of the marriage immigrants per cycle and make the policy direction which reflect on the results.