- 부산신항만 배후물류단지의 활성화 방안
- Alternative Title
- Suggestions to invigorate the hinterland logistics complex of Busan New Port
- Issued Date
- 한국 해양대학교 해사산업대학원
In 2003, Busan Port popped up the third container management port in the world under the situation of increasing the amount of materials caused by Kobe earthquake, economic growth of China, fall in the exchange rate etc. However, Busan Port doesn't cope with changing environment such as overheated port development competition of Northeast Asia, increase in exchange rate and etc. In particular, the change of major export goods decreased the amount of materials directly/indirectly, and industries in Busan area have also moved to China due to increase in wages and worsening of management situation, therefore, creation of the amount of materials around Busan Port has reached the limits. Under this situation, Busan New Port development and Busan-Jinhae Free Economic Zone specification promoted since the latter half of 1990 were recognized as an important part of Busan economy and Busan Port's competition. Among them, the major role of distribution support complex has been increasing in the area of Port's competition, it has been arising as an essential part of New Port Development.
However, compared with competitive ports, various obstruction factors like infrastructure shortage, political conflicts and etc delayed development. For this reason, this study analyzed obstruction factors of distribution support complex of Busan New Port and suggested strategies for strengthening competitiveness.
First, in order to solve the problem like insufficient infrastructure, this study suggested early construction of railroad to manage goods effectively, because current transportation network of Busan New Port is generally operated by public road transportation system. Also, this study suggested the conversion of the usage of northern container support complex to industrial/residential area and the expansion of Yongmang Mountain and Yongwon Dong site in order to improve service and cope with the demands of distribution companies at port by using railroad transportation.
Second, policy improvement was suggested for integration of policy that is related with the current support complex in order to solve the conflicts between administration ministries and offices. Also, this study suggested the executive power of Busan New Port and support complex should be entrusted to Busan-Jinhae Free Economic Zone Authority to settle conflicts between Busan and Gyeongsangnamdo. As a result, it is expected to prevent social cost caused by conflicts between both local governments and the loss due to overlapping investment, and to promote unified development policy. Third, organization of economy research center was suggested in order to activate distribution support complex. This research center will provide support strategies for local distribution industries, and support not only New Port distribution support complex but also industrial complex in Free Economic Zone complex. In particular, this is suggested to promote transfer effect of the amount of materials through small and medium local distribution industries, after redevelopment of northern port of Busan port. Fourth, new strategic elements for competitiveness improvement through combined transport activation and industry cluster connection were suggested. In order to activate combined transport, this study suggested that a strategy for connecting Gaduckdo discussed as proposed site for new airport construction and railroad transport site in New Port. Also, competitiveness security was suggested through expansion facilities for Wing-In-Ground Ship, new transport. To maximize the effect of distribution support complex, the connection strategy between industrial complex in Busan-Jinhae Free Economic Zone and industry cluster in Gyseongsangnamdo area was also suggested.
As mentioned above, this study identified the obstruction factors of competitiveness improvement strategy in port distribution support complex and suggested solutions - though only part of obstruction factors were mentioned. Busan New Port distribution support complex has still insecure latent factors, however, those latent factors may not appear through inducement of distribution companies or investment of foreign enterprises in the short run. In order to develop New Port and Busan-Jinhae Free Economic Zone in the long term, latent factors of distribution support complex should be analyzed continuously.
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